What are Hand-Held Brushes, Their Applications, and Types?

December 10, 2020

What are Hand-Held Brushes, Their Applications, and Types?

What are Hand-Held Brushes, Their Applications, and Types

The brushes with a handle or hand grip, which are used to rub the substrate, are called hand-held brushes. They have bristles mounted on wood, plastic, metal handle, stem-like scratch, welders, twisted-in-wire, and plater brushes.

What are Brush Fill Materials?

Brush fill materials of hand brushes contain natural bristles, synthetic filaments, abrasive filaments, or metal wires.

Let's know about all of them:

  • Abrasive filament - Abrasive-filament is a surface conditioning and finishing products which contain fine abrasive particles within or on the surface of a brush's bristles.
  • Metal wire - It's a still and rigid material used for aggressive brushing applications where surface material or other residues must be removed.
  • Natural bristle - Natural bristle or hair filament may be a classification of organic filaments acquired from living tissue (either plant or animal).
  • Synthetic filament is human-made materials, including polymers, plastics, elastomers, glass, and carbon fibers.

Applications of Hand-held Brushes

Hand brushes are moved manually against a surface to rub, strip, clean, descale, apply paint, polish, remove dirt, or supply other specialized actions. According to their usage, they are classified into various categories:

  • Cleaning hand brushes: They are used for cleaning and are available in various sizes, including tiny brushes for cleaning, toothbrushes, the household version that typically comes with a dustpan, or the broomstick. This category also includes brushes for cleaning the restroom, vegetables, washing glass, finishing tiles, and sanding doors.
  • Paint hand brushes: Paint hand brushes are suitable for applying paint or ink on the surface. These hand brushes are usually made by clamping the bristles to a handle with a ferrule unit. Their main applications are watercolor or ink painting, oil or acrylic painting. Decorator hand brushes and artist hand brushes also fall into this category.
  • Scratch brushes: They are standard sort of wire brushes used to scrape surfaces or remove waste products, scale, or corrosion. Toothbrush style brushes have an extended handle with short brush length and short trim length.
  • Welder's brushes: They have a configuration useful for cleaning welds, electrical contacts or electrodes, and welding gun tips. Welder brushes typically contain a scratch brush with wire fill, or some have integral chipping hammers or scrapers for the removal of slag and scale.
  • Twisted-in-wire brushes: These knotted wire brushes have bristles mounted to and increasing radially from a middle twisted wire.
  • Plater brushes: They are densely crammed with some fine metal wires to avoid scratching before or after plating. 
  • Cylinder Brushes: They are also known as roller brushes and have bristles or filaments extending radially from a cylindrical tool's outer diameter.
  • Disc Brushes: The bristles of disc brushes are in one face or radially. Disc brushes have bristles mounted to a cylindrical plate. The full scale of strands allows you to hide large surface areas where cleaning, deburring, or other brushing actions are required.

Metals Used for Making Hand Brushes

The three most used metals for Wire Brushes are brass, steel, and chrome steel. Each of those has its pros and cons that you should consider before starting your job.

  • Brass Scratch Brushes

Brass is the softest metal of those three choices, which suggests it won't work on more challenging surfaces but is gentle enough to figure on softer metals without damage. A Brass Brush is rust-resistant, which can last longer, and you don't need to worry about flakes of the brass left behind to make a rusted surface within the future (after-rust).

Also, it doesn't generate sparks when scratching against another metal surface. It could be the selection for those working in environments where sparks can become a hazard.

  • Carbon Steel Scratch Brushes

Carbon steel is a much stronger metal than brass and used to scratch/clean harder metal surfaces. It's an incredibly durable material that's more wear-resistant and cheaper than chrome steel.

Carbon steel brushes are susceptible to rusting; both the metal bristles and pieces of the metal will grind to a halt within the scratches and divots created with the abrasive. It often results in after-rust in non-ferrous metals like aluminum, copper, and alloys like brass. Steel also can cause sparks, which should be avoided where they become hazardous. 

  • Stainless Steel Scratch Brushes

Stainless steel is another firm metal abrasive brush perfect for performing on harder metals like high tensile alloys and iron. Unlike steel, chrome steel brushes don't rust and stop contamination that causes anti-rust. It's the recommended chrome steel wire brush for welding when working with aluminum. Like steel, chrome steel can cause sparks against some metals and isn't suggested when it will become a problem.