Skip to content

What Is Deburring

What Is Deburring

Unwanted burrs on your workpieces are something you've dealt with if you shop frequently for machine parts. Although these flaws are ugly, they also compromise the functionality and safety of each affected item. You need a dependable process to get rid of burrs and offer high-quality, smooth components.

Deburring tools are the right answer. The information in the following tutorial will explain what causes a burr, why deburring is critical, and how to get burrs off metal.


Deburring is the process of eliminating burrs, or tiny flaws, from machined metal items. Different machining techniques mold metal. For instance, stamping presses the workpiece into a die set. However, metal is removed from the workpiece using a spinning tool in milling. But these methods don't always work well; they could leave behind minute metal burrs or protrusions.

If burrs are not removed, end part quality will suffer. Deburring eliminates these flaws after machining or welding to produce a smooth, dependable metal product.


Burrs are microscopic, angular flaws that appear on machined components. They are "impurities" that detract from the elegance of a smooth machined surface.

Manufacturing applies several processes to metal pieces. They pass through procedures such as milling and stamping. These procedures aim to give machined pieces the desired form. They are typically imperfect, though. These flaws cause tiny metal protrusions or ridges to remain on the machined surface. We call these bumps burrs.


Burrs can appear at several machining stages. It happens frequently during machining. Machined parts can be minimized or avoided completely. We'll detail the machining operations that result in burrs in two sections so that you better understand how burrs develop during the process. Burrs can develop during cutting or machining processes.

The following machining operations could cause burrs on metal surfaces:

  • Drilling
  • Engraving
  • Milling
  • Turning

The following cutting techniques may leave burrs on the metal surface.

  • Blanking
  • Punching
  • Laser cutting
  • Plasma Cutting
  • Shearing

There is a possibility that your machined items will have burrs on their surfaces after one of these processes.

Additionally, other elements contribute to burr development. These elements include:


Burrs may be minimally minimized if the machine operator is trained and the machine design is done correctly. On the other hand, a part may have more burrs than planned if an untrained person machines it. As a result, the operator is just as significant as the procedure.


You might not need post-processing if you work with high-quality, easily cut-material. This is because working with such materials will eliminate burrs.

Burrs can appear in three ways. As follows:

  • ROLLOVER BURRS - Rollover burrs are those small protruding curls of curled metal that you could encounter on the surface of your machined products. They are the most common burr variety.
  • BREAKOUT BURRS - You might be looking at breakout burrs if you notice a few pieces bursting forth from your machined object. They have an upswell shape, which accounts for why they appear about to break out.
  • POISON BURRS - The third method burrs might develop during machining is this. They can be distinguished by the small parts that protrude sideways from the machined part's end.


Fortunately, deburring can be done quickly and easily with the correct equipment. Depending on the metal and the application, deburring may take several forms:

  • DEBURRING MANUALLY - Manual deburring is the most popular and cost-effective technique. During manual deburring, skilled specialists use simple tools to manually scrape or buff the burrs out of the metal components. Although this procedure is simple, it takes much time and lowers production.
  • DEBURRING MECHANICALLY - A deburring machine is used in mechanical deburring to remove the burr. This technique is more expensive but significantly more effective than manual deburring, making it a common choice in machining operations.
  • THERMAL DEBURRING - Through the application of combustible gases, thermal energy is produced during thermal deburring, effectively scalding the burrs of the metal. This method is the most effective for removing burrs from many surfaces at once or the hardest-to-reach burrs, like those in cracks or crevices.
  • ELECTROCHEMICAL DEBURRING - A salt or glycol solution is used in electrochemical deburring to transfer energy through the burrs. Electrochemical energy destroys burrs while the metal around them is unharmed. This method works well when dealing with particularly tough metals, getting into tight spaces, or guaranteeing excellent burr removal precision.


What does a deburring machine do? The conventional deburring machine has one or more tools for removing burrs from machined metal. The alignment of the tools ensures dependable, superior deburring.

Deburring machines use wire power brushes, discs, or belt heads to remove burrs from workpieces. Some machines have a single head, whereas more sophisticated ones have multiple heads.

  • BRUSH HEAD - Rotating brush heads can remove undesirable burrs without harming the metal or its surface coatings, making them ideal for small, delicate parts. Additionally, they are quite efficient at rounding edges and can typically revolve 360 degrees to reach difficult-to-reach places on the workpiece.
  • DISC HEAD - Small, delicate pieces work well with disc heads too. Their revolving pads produce a characteristic pattern preventing stress-induced fracture in the workpiece.
  • BELT HEAD - On rotating drums, belts run. Thanks to their considerable reach, they can effectively remove burrs from workpiece edges and sides. Although they perform well to remove vertical burrs, one drawback is that occasionally they displace material to the sides of a workpiece. This leads to new lateral burrs.

Deburring machines have many configurations. Deburring tools are made of polyamide fibers covered in coarse abrasives resembling sandpaper grains. Abrasives remove burrs, leaving metal smooth. Different grain sizes and materials are appropriate for varied uses and metal hardnesses. The following are some of the most popular grains:

  • Aluminum oxide
  • Ceramic
  • Cubic boron nitride (CBN)
  • Diamond
  • Silicon carbide

Deburring equipment can work dry or wet. Some machined material dust is flammable, and a spark from metal-grinding operations can quickly set it ablaze. To stop the dust from igniting and creating a safety risk, a wet machine moistens the dust while it works.


A machined part with burrs is defective. Depending on the type of machine, durability, longevity, and safety are all compromised by burrs. They can lead to a variety of problems with part quality, such as:

  • Material failure and cracks.
  • Elevated regional stress.
  • Decreased resistance to fracture.
  • Failure following fewer stress cycles.
  • Poorly seated fasteners.
  • A damaged fastener.
  • Increased corrosion susceptibility.
  • Greater possibility of static discharge.
  • Unwanted heat and friction.
  • Increased wear from surface to surface.
  • Lubrication difficulties.
  • Generally decreased safety.

Deburring eliminates these flaws to produce a safer, more useful, visually pleasing product. Hand sanding and grinding are not required after mechanical deburring with a machine. It enhances the final product, boosts productivity, and uses less material.

Additionally, mechanical deburring improves all finishing procedures. Deburring typically occurs as part of a more thorough finishing procedure that also involves other methods, such as:

  • Deslagging
  • Shattering an edge
  • Graining
  • Prior to painting and other processing, descale.


Knowing which deburring technique is appropriate for your part is vital to preventing further damage to the component and time and money loss. Deburring, when done correctly, can contribute to the smooth, flawless finish you require for your machined products. Deburring can save you money and time, but you must also know when it is unnecessary.

Previous article Types Of Deburring
Next article What Are Different Types Of Metal Finishing

Compare products

{"one"=>"Select 2 or 3 items to compare", "other"=>"{{ count }} of 3 items selected"}

Select first item to compare

Select second item to compare

Select third item to compare