Types of Power Saws and Their Uses

September 22, 2022

Types of Power Saws and Their Uses

Power saws are well known for their wide range of applications in the industrial and craft industries. Modern electric or gas-powered saws are more swift and effective and are made in various styles to suit any need. The power saws can be used in a variety of ways to cut materials like wood, metal, tiles, bricks, and plastic.

If you've ever used a power saw, you're aware that these tools contain rotating, reciprocating, or circulating blades. Power saws come in various styles and configurations in today's market. These machines can broadly be divided into 10 major categories.

Every machine has a particular application and purpose. You may get a comprehensive understanding of the 10 different power saw types, their applications, and their variants from this article.

Types of Power Saws


The market's most widely used power saws today are circular or buzz saws. An enclosed circular blade is included with this device. The blade rotates as it cuts. On the other hand, the base of the machine flushes out the material that was chopped. Anyone may utilize a circular saw, a hand-held device that can be operated with either the left or right hand. Smaller in size and equipped with a variety of blades, circular saws make it simple to cut through even tough metals like aluminum.

The circular saw has a rotating blade that must be moved across the workpiece in the operator's proper motion to cut through it. The blade moves, and you can control it to make your desired cut.


  • It is a powerful tool adept at slicing through metals and building materials made of wood (timber, logs, plywood, etc.).
  • It might result in straight cross-cuts.
  • Bevels are made with a circular saw to connect various blocks. 

Read More: Power Hacksaw vs Bandsaw


Circular blades are included with table saws, also referred to as bench saws. These saws are robust yet portable. A table saw is helpful for everyone, from craftspeople to businesses. A leatherworking station is necessary to run the saw.

The table saw has a simple mechanism. As it spins, the circular blade moves quickly. The user must move the machine to accomplish the desired cut because the saw blade is fastened to an arbor. Rotating the machine can alter the cutting angle by adjusting the blade's angle. To provide maximum personalization, most table saws include various speed options. Additionally, you can switch out various blades to cut vinyl, plastic, and other materials.


  • Plywood, wood, MDF (medium-density fiberboard), aluminum or other softer materials, and plastic can all be sliced.
  • Rip cuts, cross cuts, miter cuts, beveled cuts, and rabbet cuts can all be made with a table saw. 


Chop saws are tools that resemble miter saws but have other functions. Challenging workpieces like concrete, brick, metal sheets and other masonry are among the materials that this powered saw is specifically made to cut down. It is primarily discovered in commercial workshops that work with such things. They have a strong, precision abrasive blade.

It has a moving blade that rotates at a fast speed and high rpm. To cut, you must press the blade on the workpiece while holding it against a swing arm. Its abrasive disc can cut through dense materials with far more precision and power than a steel blade.


  • It is mainly used to cut complex materials like metal, concrete, and brick.


A circular saw machine is mounted on a movable horizontal arm in the radial arm saw. Until the Miter saw it was developed, it was utilized to cut long pieces of stock wood.

On the table, this saw is set in a fixed position. The revolving blade and the blade head are both moved to cut the workpiece. Some radial arm saws are equipped with a dado blade to cut grooves for half-lap joints, rabbets, or dado blades. Edges on other models can also be turned parallel to create rip cuts. The radial arm saws are popular because they have a bow or a negative angle on the blade hook. As a result, the blade ascents the materials while cutting, improving safety.


  • Because it can perform a variety of cuts, including compound cuts, miter cuts, cross cuts, and straight cuts, this power saw is frequently referred to as an all-in-one power saw.
  • It can cut through various materials, including concrete, metal, and wood. 


Portable power saws called flooring saws are explicitly designed to cut laminate and wood floors. It has a rectangular, iron base with tiny feet to maintain this saw on the ground. It has a more extensive base and has the appearance of a hypoid circular saw.

These saws have smaller, higher-rpm circular blades. These blades travel back and forth along a guide rail to create straight cuts. Using specific miter features, some flooring saws may also cut angular designs and corners into the flooring materials. The operator directs the machine over the floorboard to cut through the hardwood floorboard in the correct pattern.


  • For cutting down trees and their branches, a chainsaw is often used.
  • The timber is also chopped and divided into smaller pieces for firewood and other purposes.
  • Firefighters and rescue personnel frequently use chainsaws to cut through trees and logs.
  • The chainsaw is frequently used to create sculptures out of plants


Ceramic, stone, and porcelain tile cutting is the sole purpose of the tile saws, which are specialized power saws. It is a stationary power saw that resembles a table, or radial arm saw. However, they are much smaller than the larger machines. This power saw can include a water-cooled blade that effortlessly cuts intricate tiles while retaining precision.

Tile saws utilize carbide blades with diamond edges to cut through more rigid materials like tiles. It uses its blade to grind the tile, and the water stream reduces the amount of dust and flying debris while cutting by cooling the blade.

There are primarily two types of tile saws:

  • WET TILE SAWS: The saw's blade features a water jet stream that creates precise cuts and keeps the blade cool while cutting tiles. Additionally, the water serves as a lubricant to ensure accuracy.
  • PORTABLE TILE SAWS: The use of portable tile or equipment saws is frequently used to cut wood. These are portable and can be used to cut various shapes, including curves.


Circular saws with a metal track attached are known as track saws. The metal track improves the accuracy and steadiness of the saw as it slices through the workpiece. Plunge saws are another name for these devices. A spinning blade is included with the track saw and is used to cut in this manner. When the operator inserts the machine handle to the desired depth, the blade is exposed by its fixed metal rail. The cut is then made using the same depth of the knife blade. To preserve the desired accuracy, kickback motion is also eliminated while cutting.


Workpieces made of wood, acrylic glass, and aluminum are primarily cut using track saws. It provides faster, more accurate cuts without the use of clamps.


Small power saw devices with a fine blade are called scroll saws. The blade resembles a band saw in that it has two moving wheels, but instead of a continuous band, it employs a reciprocating blade. This device is lightweight as well. Sharp edges enable it to carve intricate curves. The machine has a removable reciprocating blade that comes with it.

Users can use it to cut any pattern they like after inserting it into a beginning hole. These saws also include a flexible arm to push the reciprocating blade. Light in some versions may illuminate the working area. It also includes a dust blower nozzle to keep the dust outside the work area.

The cutting format can be changed according to preference by tilting the saw. To improve control while operating, the machine also has various speed settings. You can effortlessly cut complicated designs thanks to speed.


  • Scroll saws are primarily used in the woodworking industry, notably in the creation of toys and other crafts. This instrument is frequently used for interior cutouts and interior works since it enables precise and complicated cuts.
  • Carpenters can also utilize scroll saws.
  • Intarsia, jigsaw puzzles, lettered signs, templates, etc. They are all made with it.

 Read More: Types of Saws and Their Uses


With a continuous band of toothed metal stretched between two or more wheels, band saws have a long, sharp blade. Due to its distinctive design, the machine can precisely cut curved or uneven designs. These resemble jigsaw puzzles but are more muscular. To share the effort fairly, band saws often feature rotating wheels positioned in the exact location. Various blades and tooth pitches are available to fit your needs. Both horizontal and vertical versions are offered. Additionally, a stationary band saw is much more significant.

 The band saw operates on a continuous band of metal teeth on one side, with the blade positioned between two revolving wheels. The device can be either portable or stationary. The workpiece is gently passed past the rotating blade of a stationary or vertical band saw to cut it. On the other hand, the spinning blade of the horizontal band saw is mounted on a swing arm. This arm is moved onto the object to cut the workpiece in the desired pattern.


  • The metallurgy and metalworking sector uses horizontal band saws frequently. These devices are smaller, quicker, and easily capable of quickly slicing through metal.
  • The vertical band saws are used for cutting timber, incredibly long lumbers.
  • By their size, it is also used to cross-cut boards.
  • Additionally, a band saw with a miter gauge can replace a miter saw.
  • Resawing projects is another use for the vertical band saw.


The blade can be quickly pulled and pushed back and forth with reciprocating saws. You may quickly and easily cut the workpieces with this sawing action. Both corded and cordless versions of this power saw are available; it typically runs on gasoline, electricity, or gasoline. By the material thickness, you can use the machine at various speeds.

Some reciprocating saws also have orbital action, which produces an oscillating effect to direct the blade's reciprocating motion in an elliptical motion. For making precise cuts in wood, this is perfect. It has various blades that you may switch out depending on your needs.


  • The reciprocating saws are mainly used to cut through massive timber logs and prune trees.
  • It is also used in the remodeling and dismantling of wooden structures because of its incredible speed in cutting more robust materials.
  • Additionally, some experts utilize reciprocating saws to cut marble, tiles, and brick.
  • PVC pipes are cut using a particular reciprocating saw known as a Sawzall. Nail work, drywall replacement, and door or window installation.


As you can see, there are almost ten kinds of power saws, each kind having a sub-variant. Each variation has a unique function and layout to facilitate particular cutting work. As a result, a wide range of cuts can be made with different saws. This manual will be helpful for anyone who wants to learn more about the various saw types and their applications.

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