What are Wire Wheels, Their Types, and Uses?

November 06, 2020

What are Wire Wheels, Their Types, and Uses

Wire brushes are a superb choice for removing rust and oxidations, paint, slag, weld splatter, and other unwanted surface contaminants with angle grinders, bench grinders, or drills.

What is a Wire Wheel?

A wire brush may be a brush instrument whose bristles are constructed of metal, often steel wire. The steel used is typically a mixture of medium to high carbon and stiff and springy. Other wire brushes, supported use, have bristles made from brass or chrome steel. 

Epoxy, staples, or another binding can keep wires together during a wire brush. Wire brushes are typically either wooden or plastic handles (for lightweight use) or molded into a circle for angle grinders, desk grinders, pistol-grip drill motors, or other control instruments.

If you are planning to opt for a wire brush for any such application, here are three key factors to consider:

  • The Type of Wire

Wire brushes are available in steel, chrome steel, and brass. Brass is relatively versatile and may be used on most any project, while steel and chrome steel are best paired with specific material types. Selecting the proper one is as easy as matching the wire type to the fabric in your application.

  • The Diameter of the Wire

Following the thumb rule would be very fine to pick the wire for light-duty jobs and medium to the coarse wire for heavy-duty jobs.

  • The Filament Configuration

Wire cup, wheel, and end brushes accompany three options for filament configurations, and each has its benefits.

Types of Wire Wheels

Following are the types of wire wheels;

  • Crimped Wire Wheels

    Individual filaments are supported only by one another, creating extra flexibility. Ideal for work on irregular surfaces, more refined surface finishing, and light- to medium-duty contaminant removal.

    The component or workpiece base material dictates which filament sort to settle on, and therefore the filament or wire size may be a feature of the finishing specifications. Another essential to recollect is the mask distance so that producers can prefer short, medium, broad, or extra-large. Narrower brush faces are suitable for uneven textures, corners, and crevices. 

    • Knotted Wire Wheels

      Knotted wire wheel brushes feature metal wire ties or loops, usually steel or chrome steel. We help vigorous hacking and withstand twisting and movements, which may contribute to exhaustion of the metal. Regular or twisted tuft brushes are twisted for around two-thirds of the duration of the filament.

      The remaining third gets slightly flared. The loops are often twisted over their entire length for more significant wire sizes and applications that require massive brushing action. Such knotted brushes of the wire wheel are classified as cable twists and are often utilized in oil pipelines and oil fields. It is often used for surface painting of narrow channels and grooves and pre-welding preparation of pipes. Unlike crimped wire wheel brushes with a little face, stringer bead brushes have longer trimming to end uneven corner and crevice surfaces.

      • Standard Twist Knot Wire Brushes

        It is made with straight wire filaments twisted together to form more rigid rope- or cable-like pieces—the selection for more aggressive applications requiring higher-impact action and a rougher surface finish.

        Application of Wire Wheels

        Wire brushes are an excellent choice for scraping corrosion and decay, dust, slag, weld splatter, and other unwanted surface particles with angle grinders, bench grinders, or drills. For surface painting, washing and polishing, weld mixing, deburring, and elimination of resin, corrosion, size, or other pollution, wheel brushes offer line brushing action. Wheel brushes are ideal for different types of handheld grinders, desk grinders, robotic finishing equipment, or mounting during a manufacturing process onto a powered arbor. The wire brush is an abrasive tool used for rust cleaning and paint removal.

        Conclusion

        Various sorts of wire wheel brushes are available, but the device selection starts with understanding the primary modes of wire wheel: crimped and knotted.

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