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Difference Between Sandpaper And Emery Cloth

Sandpaper And Emery Cloth

Emery cloth and sandpaper are examples of man-made abrasives that incorporate elements and minerals from nature. The rough outside layers cause friction against a surface, bringing out the surface's desired texture or shine. Both emery cloth and sandpaper are utilized by producers and artists, although each has a distinct function. Most of the time, you cannot interchange them.

Emery cloth and sandpaper are both excellent for polishing wood and metal. Emery paper is the most popular kind of sandpaper, although there are other options. Sandpaper composed of wood shavings is a good substitute.


Rough surfaces can also be scrubbed using sandpaper. It is a particular kind of thick paper with an abrasive, rough surface. Most professionals sand a wall before painting it. Sandpaper is also used by woodworkers to smooth off wood surfaces. It can also be used to get rid of loose paint, grit, or grime while painting or refinishing something.

Grit, or the quantity of abrasive grains per square inch, is used to categorize different types of sandpaper. To remove paint or outdated finishes, use a coarse grit of 40 to 60. The optimal medium grit for preliminary sanding on rough wood is between 80 and 120. Softwoods require a fine grit of 150 to 180 for the final sanding, but hardwoods may demand wonderful sandpaper with a 220 to 280 grain. Between finish coatings, extra-fine 320–400 grit is used for sanding, while super–fine 500–600 grit is used for polishing.

Emery Cloth

Emery cloth is a type of woven fabric that has a grayish-black abrasive combination of corundum and magnetite coated on one side. During manual labor, it is used to smooth metal surfaces. Emery cloth works well for cleaning dirt, corrosion debris, and extra paint from a metal's surface.

Emery cloth is composed of several grits. The smaller grain size makes it harsher than sandpaper. Emery cloth with grit 120 is used for fine finishing. The number of abrasive particles per inch is referred to as the grit number. The surface will be more uneven the higher the abrasive density.

Sandpaper Vs Emery Cloth: The Differences

  • Emery cloth is a special kind of corundum, a hard stone that is used to cut metal. While sandpaper is made of softer stones like garnet, quartz, or flint. The hardness of corundum is slightly lower than that of a diamond.
  • Sandpaper is used to scrub softer materials like wood and plastic, whereas Emery cloth is used to rub metal. Iron traces in Emery may contaminate wood surfaces.
  • Although Emery cloth is more durable than sandpaper, sandpaper is still more used in DIY and professional applications.
  • Emery cloth costs more and is more flexible than sandpaper.


Sandpaper and Emery cloth are two different kinds of abrasives. Both are employed to finish various types of materials.

They differ in their properties. The strength of various varieties varies. They do not, however, leave a very smooth surface. The sandpapers used in woodworking are more expensive than those used for metals, in addition to being stronger.

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