What is an Abrasive Wheel and it's Types

November 05, 2020

Abrasive Wheel and It’s Types

What is an Abrasive Wheel and it's Types

What is an Abrasive Wheel?

They're quite powered wheels utilized in grinder machines in workshops. An abrasive wheel is formed of small abrasive particles like that of grit.

Grit or similar particles are imposed on the wheel by a unique bonding material to make wheel structures of various thicknesses.

Following are the main components of an abrasive wheel:

  • The size of the grit
  • Bonding of Coating Material
  • The abrasive used
  • The grade of the wheel
  • Last, the structure of the wheel

The capability of an abrasive wheel is decided by the abrasive utilized in making the wheel. The hardness, toughness, and skill to chop sharp edges also are determined by the abrasive used.

The bonding material should be capable of resisting friction, shock, high temperatures, and other such forces, which may cause damage to the wheel.


Features of an Abrasive Wheel

  • The Wheel Structure Defines The Spacing Between Bonding Material And abrasive and, therefore, the Grade To Be Used.
  • The grade is decided by scaling the bonding material's strength to keep the abrasive particles when in use.
  • Two sorts of abrasive materials (soft and hard) are utilized in this procedure: Soft abrasive wheels are used on hard materials, and hard abrasive wheels are used on soft materials. 

The abrasive wheels are selected consistent with the following specifications:

  • The speed of the spindle machine.
  • Surface modification.
  • Area of contact between the wheel and therefore the material
  • The machine used.
  • The state of the wheel.

Types of Abrasive Wheel

Types of Abrasive Wheel

Based on requirements and wish, there are different Grinding Wheels utilized in other machining processes in workshops. It uses a mainly abrasive emery wheel to chop diamonds, metallic equipment, etc. The subsequent are various sorts of abrasive wheels:

  • Straight Grinding Wheels: Straight wheels are a common type of the revolution found on the pedestal or bench grinders. It is often also widely used for centerless and cylindrical surface grinding operations.
  • Cylinder or Wheel Ring: this type of wheel doesn't have middle mounting support, but it sits on an extended and wide surface. They're mainly utilized in horizontal or vertical spindle grinders for producing flat surfaces.
  • Tapered Grinding Wheels: A sharp emery wheel may be a straight wheel that tapers externally towards the wheel's midpoint. A straight wheel with a sharp wheel is usually used for gear teeth, grinding threads, etc.
  • Straight Cup: This straight cup wheel is employed as an option for Cup Wheels in cutters and gear grinders. Because it has an additional, surface and grinding are most favorable.
  • Dish Cup: This type of wheel is suitable in jug grinding and cutter grinding. It only cuts in crevices and slots because it features a skinny cup-style grinding.
  • Saucer Grinding Wheels: Saucer Grinding wheels are used for grinding twist drills and milling cutters. It is often particularly in demand in non-machining areas because the saw filers are employed by saucer wheels to take care of saw blades.

Abrasive Wheel Categories

  • Type 1 Wheel – A thick disc-shaped wheel
  • Type 41 Wheel or Type 1A Wheel - A disc-shaped wheel
  • Type 11 Wheel – A cup-shaped wheel
  • Type 27 Wheel – A saucer/center depressed shaped wheel
  • Type 27 Flap Wheel - A saucer/center depressed shaped wheel 
  • Type 28 Wheel – A conical cupped wheel
  • Type 29 Wheel - A saucer/center depressed shaped wheel 
  • Type 29 Flap Wheel - A saucer/center depressed shaped wheel with coated abrasive flaps
  • Type 42 Wheel or Type 27A Wheels - A saucer/center Depressed Center Cut Off wheel.

Abrasive Wheel Benefits:

We know it by grinding because of the usage of solid abrasive wheels to shape or finish a specific material. the most benefits of using abrasive wheels are:

  • It can cut hardened steel.
  • It can produce smooth finishes.
  • The time taken is a smaller amount.
  • It can maintain accuracy in each case.
  • It requires little or no pressure.
  • These grinding machines are aptly fitted to cutting high-quality alloy steels.
  • Increased Grinding productivity.

Usage of the Abrasive wheel is called Cutting wheel that gives more accuracy and smoother shapes and is far in demand lately compared to other grinding machines.

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